When distributing your iOS app through your own iTunes account or inside your organization via a Mobile Device Management system (MDM) you will have to re-codesign the binary file (.ipa).
Downloading the Re-Codesign Package
In order to get started, you will need to download and unzip the DoubleDutch App Operations Re-codesign Package, mentioned in Item 6 of the Prerequisites list.
- Go to https://bit.ly/ddrecodesign
- Download the re-codesign package file.
- Find the ZIP file on your Mac and double-click on it.
- It will unpack and create a folder called “recodesign-master”. This folder contains all the tools for re-codesigning.
Note: please make sure you download the latest re-codesign package file since DoubleDutch makes sure it gets updated as needed.
Prerequisites for Successful Re-Codesigning
- A Mac computer.
- Xcode 10.1 or higher installed on the Mac. If you don't have Xcode downloaded you can download it here.
- Command Line Tools installed on the Mac, compatible with the version of Xcode you have installed.
- Your organization’s iOS Production Distribution Certificate, with the associated private key, in your Mac’s Keychain Access.
- The re-codesign package, provided by DoubleDutch.
- The Provisioning Profile belonging to this app, with Associated Domains and Push Notifications enabled, downloaded onto your Mac computer.
- The .ipa (the binary file format of iOS apps) on your Mac. You will have received this from DoubleDutch.
Re-Codesigning your iOS App
- Open the “codesign” folder where you have the recodesign.sh script and the Terminal window.
- Then, drag & drop the recodesign.sh file into the Terminal window. This will display the entire path of the script file. For Enterprise apps, type in "-e" after the script file path.
- Then, drag & drop the Provisioning Profile file you downloaded from your Apple Developer account.
- Finally, drag & drop the .ipa file you received into the Terminal window.
- You will then see the full path of the files; the makeup of the entire command is the script, followed by two “arguments” – the binary file and the Provisioning Profile. If the two arguments are not there, or incorrect, the script will fail.
- Then hit the 'Enter/Return' key. An example of the Terminal output is shown below:
- When the script is done, you will have a new folder on your Desktop called “Codesign_Output”. The script will automatically open it. This folder will contain the re-codesigned .ipa file and an entitlements.plist file. The latter can be used for troubleshooting, so do not delete it. It might also be useful to take a screenshot of the Terminal output, for reference and/or troubleshooting.
Note: you will notice that the Bundle ID of the app will be been injected into the file name of the .ipa. The script does this for the sake of documentation and clarity.
- You can close the open windows and proceed to upload your app to your App Store Connect account or your organization's mobile app management system.
Continue to the next step in the distribution process: Getting Started with App Store Connect.
Final Technical Notes on Re-Codesigning
This app claims two specific entitlements: Apple's Push Notification Services and Keychain Access. Push Notifications rely on a setting in the Provisioning Profile.
- Push Notifications Services must be enabled on your Provisioning Profile for re-codesigning to be successful.
- If Push Notifications are not available in the Provisioning Profile, the script will output the message: "This provisioning profile doesn't have push entitlement!"
- Keychain Access is necessary to store the user's login and password combination so that the user can access the app, after closing and reopening, without re-logging in.